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Terrorism


Contents
1. Broadcast visuals
2. Print media
3. Differences between broadcast and print
4. Bibliography


Broadcast visuals
Basically, it is hardly possible to find any broadcaster that remained indifferent to the terror attack on the Palestine Hotel in Iraq, on October 24, 2005. At the same time the representation of the terror attack by different broadcaster naturally vary, though the event described is actually the same.
On analyzing the broadcasting of the terror attack, it should be said that such companies as CBS and Fox paid a lot of attention to the terror attack on the Palestine Hotel. Both CBS and Fox attempted to widely highlight the tragedy that occurred in Iraq. Both broadcasters provided ample information about the details of the terror attacks, including information about the number of explosions, victims, etc.
However, it is worthy of mention that basically, they use the basic footage that are used by other broadcaster. In such a way, they probably attempt to objectively represent the event on analyzing the same visuals that other companies have broadcasted. For instance, Fox uses an APTN footage, where the “explosive truck blew a hole in a 12-foot concrete wall that separates the hotel from the square” (Fox). Similarly, CBS uses AP footage. At the same time, it should be said that CBS amply used the report of its correspondents from the place of terror attacks and provided detailed description of how and where the terror attack took place.
Furthermore, it is necessary to underline that CBS attempts to link this terror attack to other terror attacks that recently has occurred in Iraq. In such a way, the Palestine Hotel terror attack is well contextualized. On the other hand, Fox is more focused on the coverage of the terror attack since the piece has been showing several times for a few days, though it is possible to say that Fox coverage is not so diverse as that of CBS which analyzes the situation a bit wider than Fox attempting to view it in the context of the general trends in Iraq.
However, Fox closely analyzed the video distributed by terrorists (2), which revealed the fact that the terror attack was carefully planned and that it was developed professionally and hypocritically without paying attention to the significance of human life. It proves beyond a doubt that this video could produce a profound impact on the audience since it shows the terror attack and its planning from within. At the same time, this video can contribute to the understanding of the essence of terrorism and terrorist, their way of thinking, beliefs, etc.
Even though, CBS also paid a lot of attention to the coverage of the terror attack but it was not so concentrated on it as Fox and the piece was less frequently shown on CBS. In this respect, it is possible to point out that this is not probably just the unwilling of CBS to give more time to the coverage of the terror attack, but it also may be motivated by the intention of the broadcaster to avoid producing a traumatic effect on the audience, while Fox is more likely to produce such an effect on psychology of viewers. Nevertheless, both Fox and CBS emphasized the importance and significance of the tragedy and at first it was the news number one.
At the same time, the different length the piece was shown by CBS and Fox may be explained by the fact that the cable broadcaster, i.e. Fox was more interested in the attraction of possibly larger audience and could pay less attention to the general effect the wide coverage of the terror attack can produce on society and individuals’ psychology. Anyway, potentially, the audience of CBS could be larger than that of Fox so the risk to cause a kind of psychological trauma was probably lower, according to the view of the company.
As for CBS, even though it is also concerned about the number of its audience, the higher profit is not the ultimate goal of this traditional broadcaster since its image as a moderate company which did not fall in extremes is well-known, while Fox could use terror attack to increase the size of its audience and, thus, its short-time profits.
Furthermore, it should be said that, as Fox was more focused on the coverage of the terror attack, it also provided a more profound analysis of the event. It is worthy of mention that CBS basically refers to the official commentaries of the terror attack basically, they represent the official position of the US authorities and their comments on the situation but also it uses the reports of its own correspondents from the pace of terror attacks. As for Fox, it attempts to represent a wider range of opinions and includes the opinion of the local authorities.
This is why, on comparing the narrative framework of both broadcasters, it is possible to say that the narrative framework of Fox is broader and more profound, though it is worthy of mention that CBS attempts to analyze the similar attacks and the background of the terror assault. At the same time, it seems that Fox representation of the events is more emotional or focused on provoking strong emotions of the audience that is probably motivated by the desire to attract the larger audience.
Print media
Naturally, print media could not stay aside from the coverage of the terror attack on the Palestine Hotel in Iraq on October 24, 2005. In this respect, it is worthy to dwell upon four print media: “Washington Post”, “Time”, “Seattle Times”, and “The USA Today”, which actually vary from internationally recognized media, such as “Time” to local ones, such as “Seattle Times”.
Basically, it should be said that all four media immediately reacted on the terror attack on the Palestine Hotel in Iraq and discussed this event. However, it should be pointed out that the attention different print media paid to the terror attack vary. In general, it is possible to range the attention the print media mentioned above paid to the terror attack from the profound focus on the event and in depth analysis of the problem and its causes to the general information about the terror attack or simple use of a variety of sources as the basis for the coverage of the event.
To put it more precisely, “The Washington Post” and “The USA Today” paid a lot of attention to the terror attack and covered the even in depth, though, it is worthy of note that there is substantial difference between the representation of the terror attack in both media. In fact, “The Washington Post” provides a larger view on the terror attack, its reporters attempt to analyze the causes of the terror attack and the problem of terrorism in Iraq at large. They also tend to provide a wide range of opinion involving not only officials but also ordinary local people. For instance, to describe the terror attack in details a local laborer, Saleh Mehdi is interviewed and his words are used to give more vivid details of the terror attack: “There was broken glass and shrapnel, and all of the furniture was turned over… The whole area turned into a battlefield” (Washington Post). Unlike, “Washington Post”, “The USA Today” rather tends to provide ample details of the terror attack but avoids its profound analysis.
As for “Time” it should be said that this media also tends to provide the general information about the terror attack avoiding the analysis of cause and effects of the event. Nonetheless, the media is really concerned on the terror attack. However, “Seattle Times” provides probably the last amount of information from its own correspondents. To put it more precisely, this media basically uses other resources as a basis for its report concerning the terror attack in Iraq.
This is why it is possible to estimate that the coverage of terror attack in print media varies. In this respect, it is necessary to underline that national media that are actually recognized internationally, pay a lot of attention to the terror attack but they differ in the narrative structure since on the one hand, some media, notably, “The USA Today” provides only detailed information of the terror attack, such as number of victims, destructions, etc., while other media, notably “Washington Post”, in addition, attempts to analyze the causes of the terror attack and provide different viewpoints on the event including not only local or American authorities but also involving local population.
Difference between broadcast and print
Obviously, the representation of the terror attack on the Palestine Hotel in Iraq by broadcast and print media is different. It should be said that, to a significant extent, the difference is caused by the nature and specificity of media. What is meant here is the fact that broadcast media naturally tend to focus on the visualization of the terror attack in order to show the audience its details and make the viewers feel as if they are practically present at the place of the terror attack. This is why they show in details the destructions and consequences of the terror attack.
In contrast, print media are deprived of an opportunity of such visualization of the terror attack. As a result, they attempt to make their representation of the even more vivid with the help of more detailed narration and interviews of a wider range of people who are not only authorized or responsible for the security in the area, for instance, but print media also interview witnesses of the terror attack or even victims.
Furthermore, it should be said that print media are deprived of an opportunity to repeatedly discuss the terror attack throughout a day, like broadcast media do. Instead, they rather use their front pages and eye-catchy headings along with photos to attract the attention of the audience to the tragedy. As a result, the representation of the terror attack in broadcast and print media differs substantially in regard to visualization and analysis of the event.
Also, it is worthy of mention that broadcast media have larger opportunities to convey their messages to the mass audience. To put it more precisely, the audience of broadcasting media is significantly larger than the audience of print media. Moreover, as a rule, print media limited in its circulation because there exists only a limited number of newspapers or magazines printed that are sold for a limited period of time and if the issue discussed in media draws a lot of public attention, such as terror attacks discussed, than print media can hardly supply the sufficient number of newspapers or magazines to meet an increased demand. In stark contrast, broadcasting media as a rule have a large network which often overcomes national borders and may be accessible to millions of people in different parts of the world. Consequently, a larger number of people can receive the information via broadcasting media than via print media.
At the same time, the quality or, it would be better to say, the representation of the news issues, such as terror attacks, is also better in broadcasting media than in print ones. In addition to visualization and a number of other advantages of visual media mentioned above, it is also necessary to remind about the opportunity journalists working at broadcasting media have and which their colleagues from print media are deprive of. This advantage is the opportunity to show the terror attack or the place where it occurred. In this respect, it should be said that even though print media can verbally describe the terror attacks and provide some pictures of the place where the terror attacks occurred, print media still will not be able to show or precisely depict to the audience the real development of events, while broadcasting media can have an opportunity to show how the terror attacks occurred, naturally, on the condition that these attacks were recorded by some broadcasting media or its journalists, or even by terrorists themselves.


Bibliography:
1. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,173192,00.html
2. http://www.foxnews.com/story/0,2933,176727,00.html
3. http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2005/10/25/iraq/main971986.shtml?source=search_story
4. http://seattletimes.nwsource.com/html/nationworld/2002580651_webiraq.html
5. http://www.time.com/time/todayspick/0,23052,1122213,00.html
6. http://www.usatoday.com/news/world/iraq/2005-10-25-alqaeda-hotels_x.htm?csp=34
7. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2005/10/24/AR2005102400597.html

 

 
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