At some point of their life, the majority of adults feel the
need to be parents and to experience the responsibility and
pleasure of parenthood. Most families bring up their own infants
but a great number of couples face the problem of inability
to have children, thus they usually resort to adoption. They
may find a surrogate mother, address to domestic orphanages
or adopt children from abroad.
Unfortunately, today the statistics shows that the rate of
international adoption gradually increases. The main reason
of this might be the fact that the process of international
adoption takes less time and besides taking a child from a
foreign orphanage where the conditions are usually rather
poor, people feel like helping those who need it most of all.
In this essay, I am not going to reject the fact that derelict
children are the most helpless in this world and need love
and care no matter where they live. Still I would like to
draw your attention to the problem that children in our country
stay homeless and lose hope to find loving parents.
Actually, people may not even be aware of the advantages domestic
adoption has. Taking into account the fact that the majority
of couples want to adopt newborn infants, the domestic adoption
provides much better conditions for it. Future parents can
have all the necessary information about the social background,
the prenatal and postnatal medical care and, certainly, the
birth parents. While foreign orphanages usually tend to hold
back the information about the infant as it might be rather
negative. It is known that the most popular countries for
international adoption are countries of the former Soviet
Union, Eastern Europe and Asia, that is countries with low
standard of living and high level of physical and mental problems
as well as cases of tuberculosis and AIDS among children.
People normally try to adopt healthy infants and abroad they
risk not getting the information about maternal drug abuse
or alcoholism that may influence the development of a child.
Another problem that adoptive parents face is the possibility
of not getting the child they want as foreign orphanages have
the aim to place their children as soon as possible and they
usually promise them to many agencies. Therefore, people have
no guarantees to adopt the child they want. Besides, speaking
about guarantees it is necessary to mention that the process
of international adoption can be stopped in the country at
any time and for different reasons. For example, the collapse
of the Soviet Union in 1991 played a great role in the abrupt
intermission of adoption from Romania.
Moreover, it is always essential for future parents to get
proper training for bringing up their children, especially
adopted ones, as these children do need special delicate approach.
Therefore, the adoption classes are the best way to get ready
for the parental responsibility. International adoption does
not require such classes, though parents adopting foreign
children are in great need of that.
To conclude, both international and domestic adoption is necessary
in today world, but it is obvious that domestic adoption benefits
children and their parents more than the international one.
The possibilities that it offers are more likely to ensure
the happiness of the future family.