Reflective Paper

The article raises a number of extremely important problems mainly related to the sphere of education which are particularly significant for the modern democratic society. At the beginning the author reveals the essence of the modern society, its structure and its impact on individual’s identity. In fact, the author stands on the ground that the formation of identity is extremely dependent on the socio-cultural environment of an individual and it is obvious that one of the key ideas of the article is the belief that there is a combined impact of inherited and acquired knowledge, skills and norms that shape individual’s identity. At the same time, the author emphasizes that individual’s identity is programmed but not predetermined implying that humans are conscious of the process of the formation of their identity and both external and internal influences on the personality.
However, the external socio-cultural impact, being significant, imposes certain restrictions on a personality. To put it more precisely, the social inequality engendered by class division of the society provokes intolerance in human relations making some classes superior to others because of the differences existing between them. It is very important that the author extrapolates this problem on the sphere of education where it is particularly obvious. In such a situation, children from lower-class families are in the most deprived position because of their difference, notably the cultural, social and even language difference since their language is different from the standard language that is used in school and that creates great problems to academic success of children from low-class families.
As a result, the author postulates the basic principles that should be applied in order to ameliorate the current situation in education and make schools really democratic. To put it more precisely, the author insists that the teachers’ most important responsibility is to make children feel really equal and not been deprived. It is recommended to make children of lower-class are not worse and their language is also unique and beautiful that will make them feel equal and provide them a tool in their struggle for their rights and social position.
Obviously, the problems discussed in the article are extremely important because it teaches professionals what the current problems of schools and what ways to make the school really democratic are.

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